Cyclone Mora was a tropical cyclone that caused widespread devastation and severe flooding in Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Myanmar and Northeast India in May 2017. In Bangladesh, Cyclone Mora made landfall at 06:00 local time between the fishing port of Cox’s Bazar and the city of Chittagong, with winds of up to 117 km/h (73mph). An estimated 3.3 million people have been affected by Tropical Cyclone MORA. 540,000 people are estimated to require humanitarian assistance. The most severely affected area has been Cox’s Bazar, where more than 300,000 Rohingya refugees and Undocumented Myanmar Nationals are residing.
Bangladesh is a country with high risk of natural disasters. The country occupies the 5th positions among the countries with the highest number of natural disasters. With about 700 kilometers of coastline, Bangladesh is exposed to cyclones and is often battered by deadly storms. Seven of the top ten deadliest storms in recorded history have occurred in either Bangladesh or Myanmar.
The Cyclone Preparedness Program created by the government with asociated organizations, includes an early warning system that is activated by meteorological radar stations. The stations, located in Dhaka, Kehpupara and Cox’s Bazar, transmit minute-by-minute updates that identify potentially devastating storms long before they make landfall. In 2017 more than three million people were evacuated and thousands more found refuge in emergency shelters. Hundreds of thousands of lives were saved thanks to the early preparation and risk-reduction work.
The Adventist Development and Relief Agency (ADRA) is a global humanitarian organization. ADRA works with people in poverty and distress to create just and positive change through empowering partnerships and responsible action. For more than 30 years, ADRA has remained committed to working with communities worldwide to improve their quality of life. Today, ADRA is a leading humanitarian agency operating in more than 130 countries. Responding to disasters and providing relief to communities is a powerful part of the work that ADRA does. ADRA’s global presence and ability to preposition emergency resources allows them to respond immediately. Funds, materials, and personnel are coordinated through local ADRA offices closest to the disaster in order to put plans into action and direct relief supplies to the areas hardest hit.
The main source of income in the area is in the agriculture industry and the community members mostly work as unskilled labour in the field. Fishing and dry fish industry are also major sources of income amongst the affected community. Livelihood is one of the most affected sectors due to the extent of damage to fisheries, agriculture, poultry and dry fish industry. A total of 23,058 ha surface area of agriculture had been affected.